As one of the largest countries in the world, with one of the lowest overall population densities, Canada contains a wide variety of ecosystems and vast areas of wilderness. This explains the rich biodiversity of the country.
But biodiversity is at risk due to a variety of industrial activities and habitat loss. According to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, there are currently well over 400 plant and animal species at risk in Canada. The Whooping Crane, the North Atlantic right whale, the monarch and the blue ash are just a few examples. More than ten species are already extinct.
Scientists predict that the number of species at risk will rise to over 700 in the next 10 years. Habitat loss is a direct cause of 80% of the species at risk. In Canada, 240 acres of habitat are destroyed every hour.