The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These amount to an average of five per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012.
Its entry into force was triggered by the receipt of the Russian Federation's instrument of ratification late in 2004. Significantly, the United States is not a signatory to the protocol.
For information on the Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, including the full text, visit the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change site.