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Economic Measures for Environmentally Friendly Mining Practices

Measures like tax shifting provide incentives for practices like product substitution and disincentives for poor environmental performance. Subsidies make mining profitable, but do not consider environmental costs.

Canada offers mining rights for small sums of money and often provides additional subsidies. Eliminating these handouts and charging more for mining rights would be beneficial to the environment and add public income that could be directed toward developing more sustainable materials paths.

Several articles and papers on these topics are listed below: