Uranium Regulations

The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) operates and enforces regulations under the Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA).

As the federal regulator, the CNSC executes licensing decisions made by the Commission or its designates, and continually monitors licensees to ensure they comply with safety requirements that protect workers, the public, and the environment and uphold Canada's international commitments on the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

The requirements are set out through the NSCA, its associated regulations, licences and directives provided by the CNSC. The CNSC also offers instruction, assistance and information on these requirements, in the form of regulatory documents, such as policies, standards, guides and notices. Licensee compliance is verified through inspections and reports.

Environmental Assessments at the CNSC are carried out under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. They identify whether a specific project is likely to cause significant environmental effects. Environmental assessments are carried out when any of the following conditions apply to a proposed project:
  • federal, provincial or territorial government approval is needed;
  • federal land is needed; or
  • federal funding is needed.

Other uranium-related leglislation: